What is Binge Eating Disorder?
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is the most common eating disorder among Americans. It is characterized by recurring episodes of excessive food consumption, over a short period of time and often to the point of discomfort, accompanied by a loss of control, and feelings of shame and guilt. It frequently results in stress, isolation and reduced quality of life.
While recurrent binge eating can ultimately result in weight gain, the disorder is not directly associated with weight – one does not have to be overweight to have it. Binge eating disorder may also be referred to as emotional eating or compulsive overeating or food addiction. Binge eating disorder is a serious psychological illness which severely interferes with one’s health and happiness.
For someone to be diagnosed with binge eating disorder, the binge episodes must occur at least once a week for three months. However, related episodes of shorter frequency are still a cause for concern.
People often experience binge eating for months or years before seeking treatment. A binge eating episode can manifest in several ways, including eating very rapidly, eating beyond the point of feeling full, eating when not physically hungry or eating alone in secrecy.
The food consumed during a binge episode can vary from person to person, but often involves foods identified as “forbidden foods.” These may include sweets, high-fat and processed foods. A binge eating episode can last over an hour, though it may be much shorter or longer. Sometimes binge eating is a planned activity and other times it is not.
Most binges involve the consumption of more than 1,000 calories, with a quarter of binges exceeding 2,000 calories. Unlike other eating disorders, those with binge eating disorder do not engage in compensatory behaviors designed to “undo” the calories consumed during a binge.
Binge eating is often a mechanism for coping or an attempt to manage emotional pain or stress. Individuals often describe a feeling of being “zoned out,” unaware of the magnitude of food being consumed and lacking the ability to stop eating.
While certain thoughts and feelings can be temporarily relieved by a binge eating episode, it is often followed by intense emotional turmoil. Feelings of guilt about eating certain foods or eating in a certain way can contribute to the shame around having binge eating disorder. Shame and guilt can affect attention and concentration at school or work and can result in secretiveness around behaviors. It affects relationships and increases social isolation.
Although binge eating disorder has been an official clinical diagnosis for only four years, it’s a condition that has left a lasting impact on nearly eight million Americans.
Binge Eating Disorder Statistics
- Binge eating disorder impacts approximately 2.8 million adults in the United States, according to a national survey cited by the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA).
- An estimated 3.5% of women, 2% of men, and 30% to 40% of those seeking weight loss treatments can be clinically diagnosed with binge eating disorder, according to the Binge Eating Disorder Association (BEDA).
- Binge eating disorder affects three times the number of those diagnosed with anorexia and bulimia combined, NEDA says. It is more prevalent than breast cancer, HIV and schizophrenia, according to Healthline.
- Binge eating disorder affects about 2% of the American population (Centers for Disease Control).
- Only 43% of those impacted by binge eating disorder will receive treatment specific to the condition (NEDA).
- 40% of those with binge eating disorder are men (NEDA).
- 70% of those with binge eating disorder are obese (BEDA).
- 30% of patients who have had gastric bypass surgery (GBS) meet the DSM-5 criteria for binge eating disorder (BEDA).
Who Is Affected by Binge Eating Disorder?
Approximately 2.8 million Americans have binge eating disorder, according to NEDA. It is the most common eating disorder in the United States.
It affects individuals of all ages, genders, races and ethnicities; an estimated 60% of cases occur among women. Binge eating disorder affects 3.5% of women, 2% of men and 1.6% of adolescents in the United States.
The typical age range of those who experience binge eating disorder is broader than that of eating disorders. Generally, binge eating disorder is most common in adulthood, specifically early adulthood for women and midlife for men. Research shows many binge eating behaviors first develop in teenage years and early adulthood.
According to the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA), some studies have shown that gay, lesbian and bisexual teens are at higher risk for developing binge eating disorder.
What Are the Risks Related to Binge Eating Disorder?
Binge eating disorder can result in psychological issues, such as depression, anxiety and feelings of worthlessness. Additionally, it is often associated with obesity, and related complications such as heart disease, high blood pressure and cholesterol.
Read our blog posts about binge eating disorder to learn more about symptoms, treatment and more.
We’re Here to Help.
If you are concerned that you – or a loved one – may have an eating disorder, we are here to help. Please call 888-305-2997 to speak with a Walden eating disorders intake specialist, or complete the form on this page, to start the road to recovery.